The Great Western Woodlands is an internationally significant area of great biological richness. It is the largest remaining area of intact Mediterranean climate woodland left on Earth – comparable to Africa’s Serengeti. Covering almost 16 million hectares – about the same size as England – it is a continuous band of woodlands and heathlands interspersed with salt lakes that stretches from the edge of the Wheatbelt to the Eastern Goldfields and pastoral rangelands to the north, the inland deserts to the north-east and the Nullarbor Plain to the east. It connects the south-west corner of Australia to the inland deserts.
More than 20% of Australia’s native plant species and 20% of Australia’s eucalyptus species exist here.
A community of animal species threatened elsewhere in Australia find a unique haven in the Great Western Woodland. These woodlands provide a refuge for many threatened wildlife species found nowhere else on the planet.
The Great Western Woodlands provides a home for numerous bird communities that have been in decline in many parts of Australia as a direct result of habitat destruction and fragmentation.
The Great Western Woodlands is a largely intact ecosystem predominantly located on public lands. Poor fire management, feral animals, weed encroachment, and human activities including road construction and mining, are all threats to to the woodlands.