Kalgoorlie was founded in 1893 after prospector Paddy Hannan found gold there.

Today it is the fifth largest population centre in Western Australia.

Just when the name Kalgoorlie was first recorded and the precise meaning of the name is unknown. Various sources give it as either meaning: a dog chasing a kangaroo; the aboriginal name of a shrub from the area (“Galgurli”); or the aboriginal name for the local edible silky pear (“Kulgooluh”).